Pinhão station tiles
The Pinhão station tiles is a set of 24 panels constituted from a total of 3024 individual tiles. Images of the landscape of Douro Valley and the traditional works around here, they are the Pinhão ex libris.
Being a logistical town without old historical monuments, the tiles are with the landscape our most important patrimony.
History of Pinhão station tiles
Pinhão train station was build in the end of 19th Century and opening to the public in 1880. The tiles only arrived 57 years after the inauguration, in the year of 1937, during the period of “New State”, the Salazar dictatorship.
The tiles were an offer from Port Wine Institute in 1935. They were commissioned to a very famous tiles factory in the city of Aveiro named Aleluia. Aleluia asked to the artist J. Oliveira, famous tiles painter, to make the work from photos of the region. He finished the work in 1937, date when they were applied in the train station.
All the tiles are made in the Portuguese tiles tradition with the white, blue and ocher colors.
The set of 24 panels of tiles was totally restored in 2011 in a joint work between REFER and the National Museum of Tiles.
Themes of Pinhão station tiles
As I mentioned before, the chosen themes were the landscapes of the Douro Valley and representations of the agricultural works of the region. When we talk about agricultural works here, we are, obviously, talking about the works in the vineyards.
River Douro Pinhão
In this panel you could see an image of Douro river near Pinhão.
In the left margin you could observe a traditional Rabelo boat with open sails, probably carrying barrels of the famous Port wine. Probably because it seems that she is in the south bank of the river.
In the opposite side you are able to see the railway line that was making the connection between Porto and Spain.
Another perspective of Douro river now from one of the most beautiful viewpoints of Douro Valley, São Salvador do Mundo.
São Salvador do Mundo is a place that you shouldn’t miss.
It belongs to São João da Pesqueira and a long way from Pinhão. But from here you are able to see the border of two Douro Valley sub regions, Cima Corgo and Douro Superior.
The panel of Wine National Station of Douro in Torto River represents one of the former institutions that was regulating the wine production in Portugal.
In this case, this organization had responsibilities in the regulation and scientific promotion of Douro viticulture.
Like the Pinhão station tiles, the National Stations also born in the “New State” age. You could see here apart from the ornamental purpose also a propaganda objective. You must remember that we were in the beginning of the Second Republic, the “New State”. The new Constitution was settled in 1934. Salazar had the power now. Strong leader, no elections, censorship and propaganda, these were the pillars of the new regime.
Men carrying the heavy baskets
Here the strong men from Douro Valley are preparing themselves to carry the heavy baskets to the winery.
This was one of the hardest jobs in Douro Valley.
The basket full of grapes were weighing more than 70kg. This men job was the hardest during the harvest. The weight of the load associated with the difficulty of the terrain and the high temperature forge the people in Douro region.
Nowadays this work is more reasonable. The weight is now in average 25kg and you could count with the help of tractors and vans. Even so, in some cases in the most difficult access vineyards you still have to carry the baskets on your back.
This is the cost to produce one of the best wine of the world.
Loading the Port wine in the Rabelo Boats
In this panel you could see the load of Port wine barrels in the traditional Rabelo boat.
The scene is in Pinhão in a place that we still call “praia”. “Praia” means beach. The beach as already gone with the increase in the level of water caused by the construction of dams in the 60’s.
The wine transport changed a lot in Douro Valley since this time. After the arrival of train to Pinhão in 1880, the producers start progressively moving from Rabelo boats to the railway line.
The boats stayed fighting the train for the expedition of wine to Porto until the middle of the 20th Century. In 1961 there was only 6 boats working.
Nowadays the wine transport is mainly made by truck due to the flexibility and cheaper price that the producers get.
The rest of the tiles panels
The rest of the 24 tiles panels is something that I’ll leave to you to discover and enjoy.